Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay is the most prestigious and eminent Bengali Indian Novelist. He was one of the popular novelists in India during the 20th century. He was born on September 15, 1867 at Devanandapur in the Hoooghly District of West Bengal. His fatherâ€™s name was Motilal Chattopadhyay and motherâ€™s name was Bhubanmohini. He was born in poverty, which has always influenced his writings. He was always very good at studies, but he couldnâ€™t continue further because of the financial condition of his family. He received his early education from his paternal uncleâ€™s house in Bhagalpur, where he wrote his famous novel â€˜Devdasâ€™. He almost spends 20 years of his life in Bhagalpur, which he has mentioned in many of his novels. He also joined a party of Naga Monks for a while and came to Mujaffarpur 1902.
Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyayâ€™s novels were generally based on rural Bengal society. He even wrote against superstitions and oppressions. For some period of time, he became sanyasi. He was really sensitive for the welfare of women. After the death of Sarat Chandraâ€™s parents, he left his education and moved to Burma in 1903. At the age of 27, he was appointed as a clerk in Government office at Rangoon in Burma. In 1916 he left his job and settled in Baje Shibpur, Howrah, near Kolkata. Before leaving Burma, he wrote a short story for a prize competition under the name his uncle, Surendranath Ganguli that helps him to grab his first prize in 1904. He died on January 16 in 1938 at 10:10 am at Park Nursing Home in Kolkata because of Liver Cancer. Bengal lost her son, who loved his motherland from the core of his heart.
Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay was always a fond disciple of Swami Vivekananda. Personally, he was a very shy and private person. He felt that his duty as a writer was to raise awareness about social malice. He has also written an essay called â€˜Bartaman Hindu-Mussalman Samasyaâ€™ which was first presented at the Bengal Provincial Conference in 1926. In this essay, Sarat Chandra has argued about the inability of Hindu-Muslim unity. His other famous works are also incredible, such as, Baradidi, Bindur Chhele, Parineeta, Biraj Bou, Palli Samaj, Ramer Shumoti, Devdas, Arakhsanya, Choritrohin, Srikanto, Datta, Grihodaho, Dena Paona, Pather Dabi, Ses Prasna, Bipradas, Nishkriti, Mejho Didi, Mandir, Bilashi, Pandit Mashay, Naba Bidhan, Andhare Alo, Shesher Parichoy, Boikuter Will, Swami, Mahesh, Anuradha, Dorpochurno, Kashinath, etc.
Sarat Chandraâ€™s novels were translated in many different languages. His works has been made into almost fifty films in different languages. His Devdas novel has been made into eight versions. Parineeta was also been made twice. It does not end here; there are many movies, which were made in his novels. He also got many awards for his works, such as, Kuntolin puraskar for Mandir.
By: Depali Ghosh