Sri Ramakrishna was a famous intellectual mystic of 19th century. Sri Ramakrishna was born on 18 February 1836 in the village of Kamarpukur in the Hooghly district of West Bengal. His parents were Kshudiram Chattopadhyaya and Chandramani Devi, who were very poor but very pious. His childhood name was Gadadhar. In his childhood, everyone was fond of him. He was always disinclined towards worldly affairs than studies. But he was always a very talented boy, and can also sing and paint. He was often found to be in spiritual mood.
At the age of sixteen Sri Ramakrishna came to kolkata with his brother Ramkumar. Sri Ramakrishna was so devoted to Goddess Kali that he became the priest of Dakshineswar Temple after his brotherâ€™s death, where he devoted his whole life to Maa Kali. He reached in a depth of God-consciousness. Sri Ramakrishna got married with Saradamani, a girl from Jayaramvati. Sri Ramakrishna used to address Sarada Devi as a holy mother. He used to worship her as a divine mother.
Sri Ramakrishna looks upon to Jesus, Allah, and Buddha as the incarnation of God. Even Sri Ramakrishnaâ€™s name started to spread all over the world. He also came in contact with many leaders and members of Brahmo Samaj, who were really influenced by him. His teachings on Harmony and peace of religion have attracted many people and Dakshineswar Temple became the place where people came from every caste and religion to acquire knowledge and wisdom.
Sri Ramakrishna later divided his devotees into two groups. The first group was for Householders. He taught them to realize god while living in the world and discharging their family duties. The other group consists of educated youths, mostly are from middle class family. He trained them as monks and torchbearers to spread his message to mankind. Swami Vivekananda was one of them who spread all the universal message of Vedanta to people, revitalized Hinduism, and awakened the youths of India. Even Sri Ramakrishnaâ€™s religious school of thought led to the foundation of Ramakrishna Mission by Swami Vivekananda during the 19th and 20th century.
Sri Ramakrishna never written anything about himself or about his thoughts. But Mahendranath Gupta published his conversation on religion and life in form of a book named as, â€˜Sri Sri Ramakrishna Kathamritaâ€™ in Bengali and in English, it was named as â€˜The Gospel of Sri Ramakrishnaâ€™ which were released in 1942. Even today, it has same popularity, universal appeal and relevance.
Sri Ramakrishna became very ill because of cancer of the throat in 1885. His young disciples throughout the day and night nursed him and which led to the foundation of Ramakrishna Math as the symbol of brotherhood. On 16 August 1886, he breathed his last uttering the name of the Divine mother Kali and passed to eternity.
By: Depali Ghosh